Lithuania is a Baltic state in Northern Europe. The country is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. The first written mention of Lithuania is found in a medieval German manuscript, the Annals of Quedlinburg, in an entry dated 9 March 1009. The country’s terrain is an alternation of moderate lowlands and highlands. The capital and largest city is Vilnius.